Cross Examination

The Quest for a First Century Faith

This site documents one protestant Christian’s careful investigation into the doctrine of the Trinity. The goal is simple: to distinguish Biblical truth from church tradition wherever the two may diverge, in order to align as closely as possible with the faith of the first century church.

Even respected conservative theologians such as the late Dr. Charles Ryrie acknowledge that “the N. T. contains no explicit statement of the doctrine of the triunity of God. 1 Yet we are often told that our very salvation depends upon believing it. With such high stakes, many Christians – pastors, scholars, and laypeople alike – suppress legitimate concerns and rely instead on the fact that Trinitarianism is widespread and long taught.

But from a protestant perspective, the 16th century reformation cautions us that a doctrine can be both longstanding and widespread, yet still be incorrect. This was the contention of Martin Luther’s fellow reformer Michael Servetus. He wrote a book entitled On the Errors of the Trinity and was later burned at the stake for it – a fate Luther himself narrowly avoided after being branded a heretic in the wake of his own protests.

Both of these men recognized that the true litmus test of a doctrine is whether or not it harmonizes with the whole counsel of Scripture in its proper context. It is in the spirit of these protestant reformers that the following research is presented for consideration.


Is Jesus Called YHWH in Romans 10:13 (Pt. 2)

Is Jesus Called YHWH in Romans 10:13 (Pt. 2)

(NEW) In this series we are examining a four-part argument by Dr. David Capes in which each element is said to increase the likelihood that Romans 10:13 applies Joel 2:32 to Jesus ... Read More
Is Jesus Called YHWH in Romans 10:13 (Pt. 1)

Is Jesus Called YHWH in Romans 10:13 (Pt. 1)

(NEW) In Romans 10:13, Paul caps his grand discourse on salvation with that famous quote from Joel 2:32: “For, ‘everyone who calls upon the name of the Lord will be saved.’” All interpreters agree that this Old Testament verse refers ... Read More
Doctrinal Evolution

Doctrinal Evolution

Modern Christians owe a debt of gratitude to the early church. Her legacy of courage under persecution stands to this day as a bold testimony of faith. However, this legacy tends to overshadow the devastating impact of false teachers who ... Read More
Is Jesus Called YHWH in Philippians 2:11?

Is Jesus Called YHWH in Philippians 2:11?

The famous Philippians 2 hymn known as the Carmen Christi is one of the earliest creedal statements in Christianity. Believers throughout the history of the church have echoed Paul's climactic Philippians 2:11 confession ... Read More
The Messiah and His God

The Messiah and His God

In Deuteronomy 6:4, the One God of Israel identifies himself by the personal name Yahweh (YHWH), which is designated in most English translations by the capitalized word "LORD."  The One God Yahweh is specifically identified as ... Read More
The Word Made Flesh: Reading John 1:1-14 in Light of the OT

The Word Made Flesh: Reading John 1:1-14 in Light of the OT

The traditional reading of John 1:1-14 can be traced back to the works of the fiery second century apologist Justin Martyr (150 AD). Justin took the passage to mean that Jesus pre-existed his birth as the creator of the heavens ... Read More
Who is the One God in Matthew 28:19?

Who is the One God in Matthew 28:19?

The baptismal formula in Matthew 28:19 is often thought to be obvious evidence of God's triune nature. In this passage, Jesus commissions his apostles to baptize people "in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the ... Read More

Should Christians be Allowed to Question the Doctrine of the Trinity?

 

  1.   Charles Ryrie, Basic Theology: A Popular Systematic Guide to Understanding Biblical Truth, p. 60.