The Research

The Research

Below is a growing collection of in-depth exegetical and historical research articles about the doctrine of the Trinity. To offer comments on any of these articles, you are welcome to visit the Contact page and submit a reply.


The Seven Spirits of God

The Identity of the Seven Spirits of God – Part 1

(NEW) The identity of the seven spirits of God has long been debated. Mentioned only in the book of Revelation, these enigmatic figures are described in metaphors that only add to the mystery: they are “seven torches of fire” before ... Read More
No Trinity in Gospel of John

5 Reasons the Gospel of John is Not Trinitarian

(NEW) The Gospel of John is thought to contain the strongest evidence for the traditional view that Jesus Christ is the second member of a Triune God. From John's famous prologue to the declaration of doubting Thomas, there certainly appears ... Read More
Is Jesus Called YHWH in Romans 10:13?

Is Jesus Called YHWH in Romans 10:13?

In Romans 10:13, Paul reaches the summit of his discourse on salvation by quoting Joel 2:32: “For, ‘everyone who calls upon the name of the Lord will be saved.'" He is no doubt aware that the divine name YHWH appears ... Read More
Doctrinal Evolution

Doctrinal Evolution

Modern Christians owe a debt of gratitude to the early church. Her legacy of courage under persecution stands to this day as a bold testimony of faith. However, this legacy tends to overshadow the devastating impact of false teachers who ... Read More
Is Jesus Called YHWH in Philippians 2:11?

Is Jesus Called YHWH in Philippians 2:11?

The famous Philippians 2 hymn known as the Carmen Christi is one of the earliest creedal statements in Christianity. Believers throughout the history of the church have echoed Paul's climactic Philippians 2:11 confession ... Read More
The Messiah and His God

The Messiah and His God

In Deuteronomy 6:4, the One God of Israel identifies himself by the personal name Yahweh (YHWH), which is designated in most English translations by the capitalized word "LORD."  The One God Yahweh is specifically identified as ... Read More
The Word Made Flesh: Reading John 1:1-14 in Light of the OT

The Word Made Flesh: Reading John 1:1-14 in Light of the OT

The traditional reading of John 1:1-14 can be traced back to the works of the fiery second century apologist Justin Martyr (150 AD). Justin took the passage to mean that Jesus pre-existed his birth as the creator of the heavens ... Read More